What is Myers-Briggs Type Indicator?
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator or MBTI is often used as a career assessment instrument by career development professionals, to learn more about their clients’ personality types, strengths, weaknesses, motivations, and more. When used alongside other available tools that assess interests, work-related preferences, and aptitudes, it can help clients determine the right career for them.
Four basic preferences:
The MBTI tool comprises 4 different indices. Each index indicates one of 4 fundamental preferences which as Jung explains, direct the application of perception and judgment by an individual in their daily life. A person’s preference not only influences what they tend to in a particular circumstance but also shows how they form conclusions regarding their perception.
The E–I index is created to indicate whether a person is an extrovert or an introvert, as explained by Jung. He considered extroversion and introversion to be “mutually complementary” behaviors whose differences “generate the tension that both the individual and society need for the maintenance of life.” Extraverts are geared primarily towards the outside world, hence they tend to concentrate their understanding and judgment on people and objects. Introverts are primarily geared towards the inner world, hence they tend to concentrate their understanding and judgment on concepts and ideas.
The S–N index is devised to show a person’s preference between two opposing ways of perceiving; one may primarily rely on either the process of sensing (S), which describes observable circumstances or happenings through one or more of the 5 senses (sight, taste, smell, touch and hearing); or on the less obvious process of intuition (N), where they concentrate first on relationships and possibilities that have the potential to work out beyond the grasp of conscious mind.
The T–F index is devised to show a person’s preference between two different ways of judgment or making a decision. A person may either rely on thinking (T) to arrive at a decision impersonally based on logical consequences, or rely primarily on feelings (F) to arrive at a decision on the basis of social or personal principles.
The J–P index is devised to illustrate the process employed in dealing with the outside world, that is, with the “extraverted” part of life. A person who favors judgment (J) displays an inclination towards using a judgment process (either thinking or feeling) for dealing with the extrovert world. A person who favors perception (P) displays an inclination towards using a perceptive process (either sensing or intuition) for dealing with the extrovert world.
The professional-in-charge who administers the MBTI will also provide you with a result report that includes your 4-letter code with a brief introduction of all sixteen codes. If you are using this assessment for career planning, remember that while all 4 letters are essential to know, the middle two (indicating how you perceive your circumstances and arrive at a decision) are the most important when it comes to making career choices in the long-run. You will also be provided with a career report that consists of a list of occupations or jobs that are suitable for people with your personality type.